STD Clinic Pune | STD Testing Services in Pune
Pathofast Lab Pune, offers STD Testing Services in Pune for HIV, Hepatitis, Gonorrhea, Herpes ad Chlamydia, together with pre-test counselling and rapid dispatch of results. Discreet and reliable, our services are trusted by patients across the city.
Published Date : 2023-08-28T20:01:16.167+05:30
Updated Date : 2023-11-25T08:40:05.341Z
Table of Contents
What are std's or sexually transmitted diseases
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), are infections that are primarily spread through sexual contact. They can affect both men and women, and their symptoms can vary widely.
Viral Sexually Transmitted Diseases
These include 4 major infections described in the table below:
|Human Papillomavirus (HPV)||HPV is a group of viruses that can cause genital warts and is linked to certain types of cancer, including cervical, anal, and throat cancers. Some strains of HPV can be prevented through vaccination. It causes Condyloma Acuminatum|
|Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)||HSV is of two types - HSV-1 often causes oral cold sores, while HSV-2 is typically associated with genital herpes. Both types can cause sores or blisters in the genital or oral areas, and the virus remains in the body for life.|
|HIV/AIDS||HIV attacks the immune system, weakening the body's ability to fight infections. AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection. While there is no cure, antiretroviral therapy (ART) can manage the virus and delay the progression to AIDS.|
|Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B virus (HBV) can lead to acute or chronic liver infections. It is spread through contact with infected blood, semen, or other bodily fluids. Vaccination is available to prevent HBV infection.|
|Hepatitis C||Hepatitis C virus (HCV) primarily infects the liver and can lead to chronic liver disease. It is also transmitted through contact with infected blood and lacks a preventive vaccine.|
Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Diseases
These include diseases that are bacterial in nature
|Chlamydia||Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, chlamydia can affect the genital tract, urethra, and rectum. Symptoms may include genital pain, discharge, and burning during urination. It can lead to serious complications if left untreated, such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.|
|Gonorrhea||Caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, gonorrhea can affect the genitals, rectum, and throat. Symptoms might include painful urination, genital discharge, and in some cases, no symptoms at all. Left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to complications like pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.|
Std testing facilities
HIV Testing in Pune
We offer a quick turnaround test for the HIV virus. the HIV Duo-Combo, or 4th Generation HIV p24 antigen and HIV 1 + 2 antibody test is performed at our laboratory. The test can detect the virus around 15-20 days after infection. Results are ready within 1-2 hours after the sample has reached the laboratory. In case of an initial positive result, patients are conselled to submit a second sample to rule out false positives. A non-reactive result can be considered as negative in patients with no history or symptoms of HIV.
Hepatitis B Testing Pune
We offer a quick turnaround test for the Hepatitis B virus. the Hepatitis B Antigen test is performed at our laboratory. Results are ready within 1-2 hours after the sample has reached the laboratory. In case of an initial positive result, patients are conselled to submit a second sample to rule out false positives. A non-reactive result can be considered as negative in patients with no history or symptoms of Hepatitis B.
Hepatitis C Testing in Pune
Pathofast offers the Anti-HCV Antibodies test in Pune. This test measures total antibodies against HCV (IgG + IgM). The test result is available on the day after the sample is submitted to the lab.
Gonorrhea Testing in Pune
Pathofast offers Antibody testing for Gonorrhea. We also offer microbiological staining tests for discharge samples collected at dermatology or surgeons.
Syphilis Testing in Pune
Pathofast offers the VDRL(Rapid Plasma Reagin) antibody test for Syphilis. The result is available within 1-2 hours of the sample reaching the laboratory. We also perform the TPHA or Treponema Pallidum Haemagglutination Assay Test.
Genital Warts Testing in Pune
Genital Warts are usually caused by the Herpes Papillomavirus.(HPV). Pathofast offers molecular screening for HPV, if the sample submitted includes the wart scrapings. Blood testing for HPV Is not routinely done.
Book appointment for std test in pune
Pathofast offers home sample collection services in all parts of Pune City (as listed on our service areas page). You can book an appointment for an STD test at your convenience using our online booking form
Std screening in pune | std diagnosis clinic
Pathofast offers the STD Screening Panel which screens for the 5 most common STD's namely HIV, Hepatits B, HCV, Syphilis and Herpes Antibodies. Screening for STD's is usually the first line investigation in case of suspected viral or bacterial infections. The screening is also done pre-marriage, and before any major surgeries. Our lab is located near 2 reputed venereal disease specialists with clinics in Pune, namely Dr.Raju Shah and Dr.Ashfaquee Sayyed, and patients can visit them for further management once an STD has been confirmed. Our staff will share directions to these doctors, as required.
Std test counselling in pune
Pre-test counselling is mandatory in India as per national guidelines for HIV, Hepatits B and HCV. We have dedicated online resources to help patients understand the test they are undergoing. These can found at the following links
HIV Pre-test counselling
Read our blog located at HIV Test Counselling Information
Hepatitis B Pre-Test Counselling
Read our guide on things to know before getting a hepatits B Test
Std test consent requirements in pune
As per NACO guidelines, a patient's written informed consent is mandatory before testing for HIV, Hepatits B and Hepatitis C. Our lab uses a common consent form for the same.
Std tests for discharge or pus from urethra
DIscharge or pus is a whitish fluid that may sometimes be seen emnating from the genital area or with urine. It is indicative of an infection, and can be processed for detecting the disease.
What are the causes of discharge or pus relating to STD's?
Discharge or pus is a sign that your body is fighting the infection. It can be caused by a variety of bacterial or viral infections. The most common causes of discharge or Gonorrhea or Chlamydia. Creamy whitish discharge may also be seen in some fungal infections, however these are not sexually transmitted.
Tests for Discharge in STD's
A variety of both screening and molecular tests can be done to diagnose discharge. These include microscopic analysis of the discharge to check if we can directly see the bacteria. This test is called Gram Stain. N.Gonorrhea can be easily detected by means of Gram Staining. Another test that can be done is called Bacterial Culture. In this test the discharge is inoculated on a culture medium and attempted to be grown. If the bacteria are present they can be seen on the culture medium. Molecular or PCR Tests can also be done to directly detect the presence of bacterial DNA in the discharge. This test is more time taking and expensive.
Molecular or pcr tests for std in pune
PCR or molecular DNA Testing is the newest and most accurate test for STD's. It can be done to detect the presence of N.Gonorrhea, as well as Chlamydia - the two most common bacterial infections causing STD's.
How is DNA PCR or molecular testing for STD's done?
PCR is a technology which can detect the smallest possible amount of a bacterium or virus in a sample. The technology is able to duplicate the DNA of the organisms and bring it to detectable levels.
How long does PCR Testing for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea take?
PCR Testing for chlamydia or Gonorrhea takes roughly 3-5 days. The results may be available earlier if no trace of the bacteria was detected.
Will the test detect the amount or number of bacteria?
PCR Testing is Qualitative - that means that it only can tell if the bacteria are present or not, it does not elaborate on the amount of the bacteria.
What is the cost of the combined PCR Test for Gonorrhea and Chlamydia?
The combined test costs between 6k to 7k, please enquire with the lab for current prices.
How to prepare for std tests in pune?
STD Tests require little to no preparation on your part as a patient. However follow the basic preparation rules for any blood test like keeping your arms clean. If you are scheduled for a urine test make sure to collect the first morning, mid-stream sample.
How to prepare for blood tests for STDs?
To prepare for the blood tests (HIV, Hbsag, hcv, and others), make sure to first sign the consent form. Clean your arms/forearms with soap and water. If you have booked a home visit, make sure to sit in a comfortable stool or chair, and have good illumination when the lab technician is drawing your sample. No special preparation like fasting is required for these tests.
How to prepare for PCR/Molecular urine tests for STDS?
Urine tests for STD's require the first morning mid-stream or clean catch sample. This means, voiding the initial part of your urine and collecting the middle 20 ml. Make sure to follow the guidelines for collecting any urine sample like cleaning your external genitalia and avoiding the contamination of soaps or detergents.
What low cost tests can be done for bacterial sexually transmitted diseases?
Common Bacterial Sexually Transmitted DIseases include Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and Syphilis(technically not exactly a bacterium, but included for convenience).
Gram Stain is the lowest cost microbiological test for direct visualization of Gonorrhea. It is commonly done on the discharge or pus. The cost is below 200 Rs. It is only positive if the bacteria are present in sufficient numbers and discharge is clearly seen.
Lab Test Services
HIV Test in Pune
Trust the leading pathology lab in Pune for reliable HIV testing. Confidential results, cutting-edge technology, and serving all areas of Pune. Schedule your test today. STD testing in Koregaon Park, Hadapsar, Kothrud, Deccan Gymkhana, Kharadi, Shukrawar Peth, Shivajinagar
Hepatitis B / HbsAg Test
Pathology lab in Pune for Hepatitis B testing or HbsAg Test. Serving all areas of Pune in Koregaon Park, Hadapsar, Kothrud, Deccan Gymkhana, Kharadi, Shukrawar Peth, Shivajinagar, Baner, Wakad, Aundh, Hinjewadi, Nana Peth
Syphilis Test - VDRL Test in Pune
Syphilis Test in Pune by the VDRL Test method. Serving all areas of Pune in Koregaon Park, Boat Club Road, Hadapsar, Kothrud, Deccan Gymkhana, Nagar Road, Kharadi, Shukrawar Peth, Shivajinagar, Baner, Wakad, Aundh, Hinjewadi, Nana Peth, Viman Nagar, Warje. Rapid test result in under 1 hour.
Hepatits C / HCV Test
Blood test lab in Pune for Hepatitis C Antibody testing or HCV Antibody Test. Serving all areas of Pune in Koregaon Park, Boat Club Road, Hadapsar, Kothrud, Deccan Gymkhana, Nagar Road, Kharadi, Shukrawar Peth, Shivajinagar, Baner, Wakad, Aundh, Hinjewadi, Nana Peth, Viman Nagar
IgG - Herpes Simplex 2 Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system to fight against the herpes simplex virus type 2.
HIV-p24 Antigen Test
The HIV-p24 antigen test is a blood test that looks for proteins produced by the HIV virus to detect early infection.
HIV-1-RNA Detection Test
The HIV-1-RNA Detection Test measures the amount of virus in the blood to diagnose HIV infection and monitor treatment.
The HIV-2-RNA test is a blood test that checks for the presence of the HIV-2 virus in a persons bloodstream.
Anti-Hbs antibodies are produced by the body after Hepatitis B vaccination or recovery from Hepatitis B infection, providing immunity.
Anti HbC Antibody
The Total Anti-HBc Antibodies Test is a blood test that checks for past or current hepatitis B virus infection.
Anti HBEnvelope Antibody
The Anti HBe-Antibodies test checks for antibodies that usually appear after a person has recovered from a hepatitis B infection.
TPHA is a blood test used to detect syphilis infection by measuring the reaction of antibodies in the blood with syphilis antigens.
STD Screening Panel
STD Screening Tests is a package of diagnostic tests designed to detect the presence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the body. This package includes four different tests, namely HIV HBS, HCV antibodies, VDRL, and Herpes Igm antibodies. These tests are commonly used to screen for some of the most prevalent STDs in the world, including HIV, Hepatitis C, Syphilis, and Herpes. The early detection of STDs is critical for preventing their spread, managing symptoms, and providing timely treatment. With this comprehensive screening package, individuals can take proactive steps towards protecting their sexual health and overall well-being.